Spa Part Glossary of Terms (F-M)
Spa Part Glossary of Terms A-E
Spa Part Glossary of Terms N-Z
Filter (Element, Cartridge)
Spa filter cartridges come in a variety of shapes and sizes. All are extremely important to your spas water chemistry and cleanliness. Filter cartridges consist of a PVC or plastic core wrapped with Reemay™ media & held together by plastic end caps.
The housing which contains the filter cartridge. Usually inline (pictured) or located underneath the skimmer body
A fuse acts as an overload protection device for your spas electrical components. The fuse will fail when the electrical load exceeds the rating of the internal wire or strip. Fuse ratings will vary based on the circuit board or component requirements.
On many spa circuit boards, Slow Blow fuses (aka Time Delay fuse) can be found. These types of fuses will allow a short term surge in current to pass without failure, but sustained overload current will blow the fuse. Spa equipment such as motors rely on slow blow fuses as they require high loads for starting up.
Flow Through (Heater)
An inline heater manifold assembly containing a heating element. Varying in length from 8" to 17" this is the most common type of spa heater. Typically mounted below or behind the spa control pack water flows through the heater prior to entering the tub. There is always two element terminals on the top of the tube & some models will have a pressure switch installed into the tube. A clamp is also commonly found on flow through heaters, the clamp is where the hi limit probe attaches to the heater.
In the pool and spa industry GFCIs come in a variety of shapes and forms from large breaker box units to plug end & panel mounted. What is a GFCI? GFCIs are designed to prevent electrical shock by breaking the circuit when there is a difference in the currents in the hot and neutral wires. The advantage of a GFCI is that it can detect small amounts of electricity (that your fuse or circuit breaker can’t) and effectively turn off the circuit to avoid potential dangers.* http://www.safetyathome.com
Pool & Spa GFCIs have mechanical parts and can fail over time causing the spa not to function.
Shotcrete is an industry term to correctly
describe "pneumatically applied concrete" - either the wet or dry
process. Gunite was a trademark name which became synonymous with pool concrete. As the term "Gunite" is a noun (product name) and not a
verb (action), it is impossible to "gunite" anything. As Per the
American Shotcrete Association (ASA) the correct terminology is
"shotcrete - wet mix" or "shotcrete - dry mix."
The spa Hi Limit sensor is an overheat sensor designed to prevent an overheat event in your spa which could damage the equipment or harm the occupants. Most spa's Hi limit is around 108°F. These sensors are integral to the spas electronics, if these parts fail or are faulty the spa will not operate at all. If your Hi limit is faulty it should be replaced not repaired as they are a safety device.
To learn more about different types of Hi Limits see our post here
What is a heater element? Spa heater elements are comprised of a
filament encased in and insulating powder covered by protective skin.
The filament of the element is usually a Tungsten coil which functions
similarly to a light bulb. Instead of lighting up when current is
applied the element resists & heats up. This heats up the coating
which is typically Magnesium oxide. The protective skin which can be
incoloy, teflon or titanium allows the element to be immersed in water.
To learn more about heater elements & trouble shooting click here
A heater manifold is the enclosure containing an immersion heater element which allows water to flow through the unit to be heated.
This part is located located inside the wetend (pump housing). Pool and spa impellers are designed to transfer the electric motors shaft motion into a suction effect in order to pump water. The large end of the impeller (left) is the intake where water is drawn into the pump housing. The water is then forced out the discharge which is either on top or side of the wetend. Always replace an impeller with an identical part, impeller HP and electric motor HP are not equivalent.
Spa jets come in a large variety of shapes and sizes. Jets are inserts which may have one nozzle or more which directs air and water into the tub.
A jet body is the housing which remains fixed to the tub after the jet internal has been removed. Jet bodies also contacting plumbing connecting the air & water lines. All jets have a matching jet body, they are not one size fits all.
Spa Plug Types,
Portable spas use low voltage lights usually 12V or LEDs.
Low Flow (Heater)
Low flow heaters are an alternate to flow through heaters, Lo Flow hot tub heaters
rely on a circulation pump to carry out heating and filtration. Some spa manufactures choose low flow heaters because they are considered more energy efficient as a small circulation pump is operating continuously for the heating & filtration opposed to a larger jet
pump with a low speed. Typically low flow heaters function separately to a spas jets & are installed on their own plumbing.
Low Flow heaters come in two variants, 1" tube style and vertically mounted canisters.
Spa Manifolds are PVC fittings used to divert or split the flow of air/water from a
central source to many destination fittings. Manifolds are used for two operations in a spa; Air & water. Manifolds come in many
shapes and sizes & their configurations are extremely customizable. To learn more about spa manifolds view our post by clicking this link.
Spa Part Glossary of Terms N-Z